The new year has already started, and many people are feeling optimistic. But you might be surprised to know that January is glaucoma awareness month.
This is the time when we should increase awareness among people about this eye disease that can completely take your sight. Therefore, it is also called “the sneak thief of sight.” If we talk about just the United States, there are more than 3 million people who are suffering from glaucoma, according to research by The National Eye Institute. This may rise to 4.2 million by the end of 2030. So, in this article, we are going to tell you everything regarding this disease.
Glaucoma is a kind of eye disease that affects eyesight, which can occur with little to no warning. Although people who are elderly and middle age suffer from this disease, yet people of all ages can be affected by it. We suffer from glaucoma when our optical nerve gets damaged. The optic nerve is a kind of electric cable that carries images from the eye to our brain.
According to doctors and medical experts, there is no cure for this particular disease. However, it can be minimized with the help of surgery and medication. There are different types of glaucoma, and the treatment wholly depends upon it. But it would be better if it is detected at an early stage.
Different Types Of Glaucoma
There are two types of glaucoma. These are angle-closure glaucoma and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). The pressure inside the eye makes the real difference. When the optic nerve gets damaged normally, it is called POAG. When a disease affects the optic nerve, and because of it, eye pressure is increased, it is called angle-closure glaucoma.
Things To Avoid When You Have Glaucoma
Earlier, we said that there is no cure for glaucoma, but it can be minimized if you avoid certain things. Below is a look at a few things you should be trying to avoid:
- Cholesterol – Excess cholesterol in the blood can build up along the inner surface of vessels and arteries, restricting blood flow, and causing the heart muscles to strain. This buildup can also occur in the eyes and lead to pressure on the optic nerve that may damage it and contribute to glaucoma.
- High Blood Pressure: Caffeine, stress, and poor overall physical health can lead to higher blood pressure that may affect eye health. You may be able to reverse the effects of high blood pressure with more exercise, changes to your diet, and finding ways to calm your mind and body throughout the day. Eating right is a big part of this, but when we get hungry, we often fall victim to snack foods or unhealthy food options.
If you have any more concerns, contact an eye doctor and ask about getting testing and other suggestions for how to support your eye health each day.